[ By Prabhakar kumar — http://www.Prabhakar kumar.com]
Every one is well known to paper and its use . Now a days we are being persuaded to become paperless in their day to day work where in earlier time, paper was being used. But it is the matter of great surprise that we do not have the knowledge about the things which is being used by us daily . When paper had come into use ,it was great and magical thing at that time. As we know that human needs are the mother of every invention and invention is done due to make the human life more easy . . Here I am going to write about the journey of paper. How and with whom , paper is made ? For making paper , grass , wood , raw materials and cellulose based are used . According to history , China is the inventor of paper because first of all paper was being used in china. In 202 BC at the time of han dynesty , a chinese named tsai loon invented paper . Before this , for writing purpose cloth of silk or piece of bamboo was being used . The cost of cloth of silk was more and bamboo has more weight , then tsai loon had an idea to make paper with that substance which had less cost and weight. So after that tsai loon had made paper with help of shahtoot , upper layer of tree and different types of fibres.
Methods of printing was also invented by Chinese . Chinese keep distorted cloths in a water for a long time and then hammer it to make paper. Before it in ancient time people use leafs of Tar and khajoor for writing purpose. Like paper, invention of art of printing was also done by Chinese. They indict piece of wood , alphabets , words and designs . They use to print on paper by using these goods with ink. Later through this method books were being printed . Till 1940 the printing of books were started in Europe. Lorrent caster of Holland had made alphabet of wood and by using it several way and times , printing can be done systematically.
Gutenberg was inventor of Printing Technique :- John Gutenberg of Germany was the inventor of modern technique of printing. He was the founder of Printing factory. For printing purpose Gutenberg had used alphabet of metal and for making alphabet of metal he used lead[ Glass] with this metal . At that time , for every sentence , alphabets were being used.
In this way , paper was started to be used as writhig purposes . Due to this invention of paper , Tsai loon is being called as saint of paper . After china , during Sindhu civilization , first of all , only in India paper was started to be produced and used too. As it is assumed that after this invention too , paper was started to be used in large scale in the whole world . The word paper , used for representing writing material kagaj has been made from papaerous word. Papaerous is a type of Sarkanda [ a type of thick grass plant] which is being used as writing tools in ancient ” Egypt” . So this was the story of paper and its journey has reached where it is started to be used in less quantity due to digital innovation in IT sector.—————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————–The End.—————————————————————-